By Deborah Todd, Joseph A. Angelo

This reference for basic readers and scholars in highschool and up compiles biographies of approximately a hundred thirty scientists in area and astronomy, from antiquity to the current. each one access presents delivery and demise dates and knowledge on fields of specialization, and examines the scientist's paintings and contributions to the sphere, in addition to relatives and academic history. approximately 50 b&w images are integrated. Entries are listed by means of box, kingdom of start, and state of clinical task, and chronologically. Todd is a contract author. Angelo is a retired lieutenant colonel with the united states Air strength.

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Ngström died on June 21, 1874, in Uppsala. ᨳ Arago, Dominique-François-Jean (1786–1853) French Mathematician, Astronomer, Physicist, Politician Dominique-François-Jean Arago, born in 1786 just before the French Revolution, became one of the most renowned scientists ever to come out of Napoleon’s famous Parisian school, École Polytechnique. Arago was a mathematician first in his career, but a lover of science foremost. In 1809, at the age of 23, he became a full mathematics professor at the École Polytechnique with an appointment as chair of analytical geometry.

He expanded his work to include observations of the Sculptor and Fornax dwarf galaxies with Hubble in 1939, and searched for the central star of the Crab Nebula, which he ultimately identified as having resulted from the supernova of 1054. By the 1940s Baade discovered a window of opportunity to gather data on our galaxy. The Milky Way had proved difficult to penetrate because it was so obscured by cosmic dust. But Baade made a discovery near the center of the Galaxy, finding an area, which he called a window, that contained relatively little opaque dust, allowing observers to peer inside.

15 Ambartsumian, Viktor Amazaspovich (1908–1996) Armenian Astrophysicist Viktor Ambartsumian founded the Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory in 1946 on Mount Aragatz, near Yerevan, Armenia. This facility served as one of the major astronomical observatories in the former Soviet Union. Considered the father of Russian theoretical astrophysics, he introduced the idea of stellar association into astronomy in 1947. His major theoretical contributions to astrophysics involved the origin and evolution of stars, the nature of interstellar matter, and phenomena associated with active galactic nuclei.

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A to Z of Scientists in Space and Astronomy (2005)(en)(336s) by Deborah Todd, Joseph A. Angelo
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