By Donald Denoon
While it got here in September 1975, Papua New Guinea’s independence was once marked by means of either anxiousness and elation. within the euphoric aftermath, decolonisation used to be declared a triumph and quick occasions looked as if it would justify that self belief. via the Nineties, even though, occasions had taken a flip for the more severe and there have been doubts in regards to the skill of the nation to operate. prior to independence, Papua New Guinea used to be an Australian Territory. accountability lay with a minister in Canberra and providers have been supplied by means of Commonwealth companies. In 1973, best Minister Gough Whitlam declared that independence will be accomplished inside years. whereas Australians have been united of their wish to decolonise, many Papua New Guineans have been frightened of independence. This superlative background provides the total tale of the ‘trial separation’ of Australia and Papua New Guinea, concluding that — given the intertwined background, geography and economies of the 2 neighbours — the decolonisation undertaking of ‘independence’ remains to be a piece in development.
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Additional info for A Trial Separation: Australia And the Decolonisation of Papua New Guinea
Ian Downs, The Australian Trusteeship: Papua New Guinea 1945–75, AGPS, Canberra, 1980; Jinks, ‘Papua New Guinea I942–1952’. Couve de Murville described Hasluck as his own inspector-general; Hasluck, A Time for Building, p. 407. 13.
Officials saw only backwardness, especially when steel tools displaced stone axes. Mass-produced pottery, long-range sailing vessels (such as the lagatoi, which survived only on Papuan postage stamps) and most of the coastal trading systems were also superceded by imports. Economists grappled with these issues when Sir John Crawford, Australia’s leading economic policy-maker, became Director of The Australian National University’s Research School of Pacific Studies in 1961. Encouraged by Crawford, Ernest Fisk visited the Highlands.
T. ’, Current Affairs Bulletin, 48 (9), 1972. 37. Douglas Oliver, Bougainville: a Personal History, Melbourne, 1973, pp. 150–3; Alexander Mamak and Ahmed Ali (eds), Race, Class and Rebellion in the South Pacific, Sydney, 1979. 38. Max and Eleanor Rimoldi, Hahalis and the Labour of Love: a social movement on Buka Isand, Oxford, 1992; Oliver, Bougainville: a Personal History, Chapter 8; Elder, ‘Bougainville Background’. 39. 67/3861, Assistant District Commissioner’s report to his Director, October 18, 1968.
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