By Eric M. Meyers, Mark A. Chancey
Drawing at the most modern, groundbreaking archaeological study, Eric M. Meyers and Mark A. Chancey re-narrate the heritage of historic Palestine during this richly illustrated and expertly built-in book. Spanning from the conquest of Alexander the good within the fourth century BCE until eventually the reign of the Roman emperor Constantine within the fourth century CE, they synthesize archaeological proof with old literary assets (including the Bible) to supply a sustained evaluation of the tumultuous highbrow and spiritual alterations that impacted global heritage throughout the Greco-Roman period.
The authors reveal how the transformation of the traditional close to East below the impact of the Greeks after which the Romans resulted in foundational alterations in either the cloth and highbrow worlds of the Levant. Palestine's subjection to Hellenistic kingdoms, its rule through the Hasmonean and Herodian dynasties, the 2 disastrous Jewish revolts opposed to Rome, and its complete incorporation into the Roman Empire supply a history for the emergence of Christianity. The authors detect within the archaeological checklist how Judaism and Christianity have been almost undistinguishable for hundreds of years, till the increase of imperial Christianity with Emperor Constantine.
The in simple terms book-length evaluation on hand that specializes in the archaeology of Palestine during this interval, this entire and powerfully illuminating paintings sheds new mild at the lands of the Bible.
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Extra info for Alexander to Constantine: Archaeology of the Land of the Bible, Volume III
Attempts to strengthen the city’s defenses by blocking windows, doors, and streets, constructing additional walls, and stockpiling food and supplies left their marks in the archaeological record but were insuπcient to ward o∫ the Hasmoneans. e. e. (Ant. e. 36 Elsewhere in the region, the Hasmonean conquest was probably responsible for the destruction of a farm at Tirat Yehuda and the abandonment of several others. New settlements began appearing, perhaps due to the arrival of Hasmonean colonists.
Eventually, the new Jewish state achieved suπcient stability and security to enjoy genuine autonomy, led by the Hasmonean dynasty, so named for the priestly ancestor Asamonaios (in Hebrew, Hashman) of Judah and his brothers (Ant. 265). The Expansion of Jewish Territory Maccabean struggles with the Seleucids were not limited to Judea proper, and Jewish forces often made major incursions into surrounding areas to the north, east, and west (ﬁg. 9). Judah attacked Mareshah and Hebron in Idumea, Azotus near the coast, and Gilead and elsewhere in the Transjordan (1 Macc 5:1–8, 24–44, 65–68); his brother Simon campaigned in Galilee (1 Macc 5:9–23).
Jerusalem Under the Hasmoneans Jerusalem ﬂourished as the center of power for the new Jewish state (ﬁg. 12). At the time of the Maccabean Revolt, it consisted primarily of the Temple complex and the eastern hill, where settlement extended down the slope in the so-called City of David area. Literary sources report that the eastern walls of the city and Temple underwent a cycle of destruction, reconstruction, and renovation that lasted for decades as the Seleucids sought to weaken the city’s defenses (1 Macc 1:31, 6:62, 10:11; Ant.
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