By Kathleen Freeman

This e-book is a whole translation of the fragments of the pre-Socratic philosophers given within the 5th variation of Diels, Fragmente der Vorsokratiker.

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Additional info for Ancilla to Pre-Socratic Philosophers: A Complete Translation of the Fragments in Diels, Fragmente der Vorsokratiker

Sample text

It is impossible for a 'first' thing to come from something and into something. B Then was there no first thing that came? A Certainly not! ) of which we are now speaking thus; but they were always there. p. 35 2. A Suppose to an odd number, or to an even if you like, one chooses to add a pebble or else to take one from those already there: do you think that the number remains the same? B No, of course not. A Nor, furthermore, if one chooses to add to a cubit another measure of length, or to cut off a length from what was there before: does the former measure still remain?

For if it suffered any of these things, it would no longer be One. For if Being alters, it follows that it is not the same, but that that which previously Was is destroyed, and that Not-Being has come into being. Hence if it were to become different by a single hair in ten thousand years, so it must be utterly destroyed in the whole of time. (3) But it is not possible for it to be rearranged either, for the previous arrangement is not destroyed, nor does a nonexistent arrangement come into being.

2. Men perish because they cannot join the beginning to the end. 3. (In mules, the males are sterile because of the fineness and coldness of the seed, and the females because their wombs do not open). 4. Health is the equality of rights of the functions, wet-dry, cold-hot, bitter-sweet and the rest; but single rule among them causes disease; the single rule of either pair is deleterious. Disease p. 41 occurs sometimes from an internal cause such as excess of heat or cold, sometimes from an external cause such as excess or deficiency of food, sometimes in a certain part, such as blood, marrow or brain; but these parts also are sometimes affected by external causes, such as certain waters or a particular site or fatigue or constraint or similar reasons.

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Ancilla to Pre-Socratic Philosophers: A Complete Translation by Kathleen Freeman
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