By Ruth Osterweis Selig, Marilyn R. London, P. Ann Kaupp, Robert L. Humphrey

This new version bargains numerous sincerely written and with no trouble obtainable articles from the Smithsonian’s hugely acclaimed, award-winning booklet AnthroNotes. many of the world's best anthropologists discover primary questions people ask approximately themselves as participants, as societies, and as a species. The articles display the richness and breadth of anthropology, overlaying not just the basic topics but in addition the altering views of anthropologists over the 150-year heritage in their box. Illustrated with unique cartoons by way of anthropoligst Robert L. Humphrey, Anthropology Explored opens as much as lay readers, lecturers, and scholars a self-discipline as various and interesting because the cultures it observes.

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Saturday Review Press/E. P. Dutton. , and Kathleen R. Gibson, eds. 1990. "Language" and Intelligence in Monkeys and Apes: Comparative Developmental Perspectives. Cambridge University Press. Patterson, F. , and Eugene Linden. 1981. The Education of Koko. Holt, Rinehart, and Winston. ) Savage-Rumbaugh, E. Sue. 1986. Ape Language: From Conditioned Response to Symbol. Columbia University Press. ) Savage-Rumbaugh, E. Sue, and Roger Lewin. 1994a. " Discover 15 (September): 90-98. Savage-Rumbaugh, E. Sue, and Roger Lewin.

This situation compromises the research program at Gombe and also endangers the chimpanzees, who are even more susceptible than gorillas to human diseases. In 1966 a polio epidemic that began among the human population in Kigoma district killed about 10 to 15 percent of the Gombe chimpanzee population in one year, and in 1988, an additional 14 animals died from an introduced respiratory infection. Bacteria, parasites, and other infectious organisms can be transmitted both by tourists and by resident staff.

Before these studies were first undertaken, it was assumed by many prominent linguists that human language was so distinct and qualitatively different from all other forms of communication that it could not be explained as an evolutionary development from any more primitive communication system. But the language studies showed that ape language did share some of the important components of human communication. Apes could use a symbolic < previous page page_16 next page > < previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 system of arbitrary referents, could generalize (that is, transfer meaning from one context to another appropriate one, as in the use of the word "coke" to mean all sweet dark drinks), and could use signs or symbols to create new words or combinations of words spontaneously in response to unfamiliar objects.

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Anthropology Explored: The Best of Smithsonian AnthroNotes, by Ruth Osterweis Selig, Marilyn R. London, P. Ann Kaupp,
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