By Michael Allen Williams
Such a lot somebody attracted to such subject matters as production mythology, Jungian idea, or the assumption of "secret teachings" in historical Judaism and Christianity has discovered "gnosticism" compelling. but the time period "gnosticism," which regularly connotes a unmarried rebellious stream opposed to the existing religions of overdue antiquity, offers the misunderstanding of a monolithic non secular phenomenon. right here Michael Williams demanding situations the validity of the generally invoked classification of old "gnosticism" and the methods it's been defined. offering such recognized writings and hobbies because the Apocryphon of John and Valentinian Christianity, Williams uncovers the similarities and ameliorations between a few significant traditions greatly classified as gnostic. He offers an eloquent, systematic argument for a extra exact method to speak about those interpretive approaches.
The smooth build "gnosticism" isn't really justified through any old self-definition, and plenty of of the main usually stated spiritual positive factors that supposedly outline gnosticism phenomenologically change into questionable. Exploring the pattern units of "gnostic" teachings, Williams refutes generalizations bearing on asceticism and libertinism, attitudes towards the physique and the created international, and alleged positive factors of protest, parasitism, and elitism. He sketches a clean version for figuring out historic ideas on extra "mainstream" Judaism and Christianity, a version that's trained by way of smooth examine on dynamics in new non secular hobbies and is free of the fake stereotypes from which the class "gnosticism" has been constructed.
By Martha A. Morrison, Stephen F. Brown, Joanne O'Brien
An account of the background and rituals of Judaism, reading such parts as sacred use of the Hebrew language and the function of the religion in developing the modern state of Israel.
By Peter Schmidt
This publication examines modern attitudes in the direction of ethnic minorities in Germany. those minorities contain a few of immigrant beginning, comparable to Italians, Turks, and asylum seekers, and the vital non-immigrant minority, Jews. whereas the findings show that excessive prejudice opposed to minorities isn't common between Germans, lots of whom in truth will be thought of immigrant- and minority-friendly, a crystallization of attitudes can also be obvious: that's, attitudes in the direction of immigrants are strongly correlated with anti-Semitism and with different worldview dimensions, akin to positioning within the left-right political spectrum. during this feel, the basic query of even if immigrants and different minorities could be considered as fellow voters or ethnic outsiders is still proper within the German context.
By David Frankel
This ebook bargains with the tales of Israelite grievance or murmuring within the wasteland present in the books of Exodus and Numbers that have been composed and edited by means of the priesthood of historic Israel. It discusses the importance of the subject matter of uprising and grievance for the traditional clergymen and analyses the half they performed within the improvement of the topic within the Pentateuch.
After a common advent at the topic of murmuring and at the Priestly university, the booklet is going directly to learn 4 significant priestly texts: the manna tale (Exodus 16); the tale of the Scouts (Numbers 13-14); the tale of the rebellions surrounding the determine of Korah (Numbers 16-17) and the tale of the Waters of Merivah (Numbers 20).
The value of the ebook is two-fold. First, it develops a technique that permits one to discriminate among early priestly narrative fabrics and later priestly editorial supplementation. moment, the paintings demonstrates the antiquity of the priestly narrative lore within the Pentateuch and the numerous position which the monks performed in developing and constructing significant narrative traditions in historic Israel.
By Michael Gold
Does Judaism provide applicable directions to the intimacy of the bed room? utilizing the Torah, the knowledge of the rabbis of the Talmud, the Midrash, and exploring the gigantic reservoir of rabbinic resources on sexuality, Rabbi Gold demonstrates how these classical assets range from Christianity and sleek secular ethics.
By Steven Kepnes