By William C Prentiss
The Plateau sector of the Pacific Northwest witnessed the emergence, patience, and decline of a various array of hunter-gatherer groups throughout the process a earlier a number of thousand 12 months interval. therefore, the area comprises an archaeological checklist of teams who lived every now and then in everlasting villages, hired advanced source procurement and processing techniques, participated in wide-ranging exchange networks, and maintained social organisations that includes excessive levels of social inequality.Complex Hunter-Gatherers offers a huge synthesis of the archaeology of the Plateau, consisting of the Columbia and Fraser-Thompson drainages. The individuals search to extra our knowing of the character of prehistoric social association, subsistence practices, and lifeways of these dwelling at the Plateau, and to extend upon this starting place to appreciate the evolution and association of complicated hunter-gatherers in general.
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Extra info for Complex Hunter Gatherers (Anthropology of Pacific North America)
The lowland areas of the Columbia Plateau are primarily populated by shrub steppe and bunchgrass steppe habitat, while the higher elevations in the center of the region are populated by xeric montane forests (Daubenmire 1969; Franklyn and Dyrness 1973). However, parts of the Columbia Plateau, particularly in mountains surrounding the region, contain mesic montane forests, subalpine forests, alpine meadows, and woodland transition forests. This diversity of habitat supports a wide range of ungulates, including but not limited to elk (Cervus elaphus), mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus), and mountain sheep (Ovis canadensis) (Dalquest 1948; Hall 1981).
Lochnore Phase (ca. ) PLATEAU PITHOUSE TRADITION (CA. ) The Plateau Pithouse tradition (PPt) was originally defined by Richards and Rousseau (1982, 1987) on the basis of similarities evident among three late cultural horizons represented in the Fraser and Thompson river drainages. Initially, the PPt included the Shuswap horizon (ca. 9). Subsequent excavations at the Baker site (EdQx 43) near Monte Creek in the South Thompson River valley (Wilson 1991; Wilson et al. , corresponding with the middle of the Lochnore phase (below).
Included are remains of deer, elk, beaver, migratory fowl, anadromous salmonids, turtles, and freshwater mussels. There is no direct evidence for intensive consumption of anadromous salmon during this phase, but it may have been fairly high given associated 14 ROUSSEAU proficient fishing technology. , dried salmon and edible plants) were stored for delayed consumption on a regular basis. An apparent lack of food storage pits may be caused by sampling bias, or perhaps above-ground wooden storage scaffolds similar to those used by Plains groups may have been used.
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